Why do we administer erythromycin to newborns?
Newborns receive erythromycin eye ointment after birth to prevent pink eye in the first month of life, also called ophthalmia neonatorum (ON). The most common cause of ON is chlamydia, a sexually transmitted infection.
What does erythromycin treat in infants?
Ophthalmic erythromycin is used to treat bacterial infections of the eye. This medication is also used to prevent bacterial infections of the eye in newborn babies. Erythromycin is in a class of medications called macrolide antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria that cause infections.
Is erythromycin good for infants?
Infants prescribed systemic erythromycin had increased risk of IHPS, with the highest risk in the first 2 weeks of age (relative risk = 10.51 for erythromycin in first 2 weeks, 95% CI 4.48, 24.66). Erythromycin ophthalmic ointment for conjunctivitis was not associated with increased risk of IHPS.
Why do newborns take vitamin K and erythromycin?
Vitamin K injection: Because most babies are low in vitamin K after birth, an injection is given. The AAP has supported this routine hospital procedure since 1961 to prevent unexpected bleeding in the first week of life. Eye drops: Erythromycin drops prevent an eye infection that can lead to blindness.
How do I apply erythromycin to my baby’s eye?
Avoid touching the end of the tube against your child’s eye, eyelashes or any other surface.
- Apply a half-inch (1cm) strip of ointment inside the inner surface of your child’s lower eyelid.
- Let go of their lower eyelid and ask your child to close their eyes for a few minutes.
- Put the top back on the ointment tube.
Is erythromycin a penicillin?
Erythromycin is an antibiotic. It can be taken by people who are allergic to penicillin. Space your doses out evenly over the day and complete the full course of this antibiotic, even if you feel your infection has cleared up. The most common side-effects are feeling sick (nausea) and tummy (abdominal) discomfort.
How fast does erythromycin work?
Take erythromycin 2 or 4 times a day as prescribed by your doctor. For most infections, you should feel better within a few days. For skin conditions like acne and rosacea, it may take a couple of months before you see an improvement.
Why do babies get erythromycin in their eyes?
Antibiotic eye drops or ointment are placed in a newborn’s eyes after birth. This is to protect babies from getting bacterial eye infections that can occur during birth. Untreated, these infections can cause serious problems including blindness. The antibiotic erythromycin is used most often.
What is erythromycin given for?
Erythromycin is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. It may also be used to prevent certain bacterial infections. Erythromycin is known as a macrolide antibiotic. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.
What are the side effects of erythromycin in infants?
Call your doctor if a baby using this medicine is vomiting or irritable with feeding. Common side effects may include: severe stomach pain, diarrhea that is watery or bloody (even if it occurs months after your last dose);
Can I mix erythromycin with milk?
You can also dilute the right amount of medicine (measured with a spoon) in a small amount of water or milk. Make sure your child takes it all straight away.
How many days should you take erythromycin?
Your doctor will advise you on how long to take erythromycin for (usually 5 to 10 days), but depending on the infection, it could be longer. Always take your erythromycin exactly as your doctor has told you.