Quick Answer: What maternal diseases affect an unborn child?

What diseases can harm an unborn baby?

Infections in pregnancy that may affect your baby

  • Chickenpox in pregnancy. …
  • CMV in pregnancy. …
  • Group B streptococcus in pregnancy. …
  • Infections transmitted by animals. …
  • Hepatitis B. …
  • Herpes in pregnancy. …
  • HIV in pregnancy. …
  • Slapped cheek syndrome in pregnancy.

What are the maternal infections affecting the fetus?

Maternal infections that can damage the fetus include cytomegalovirus infection, herpes simplex virus infection, rubella, toxoplasmosis, hepatitis B, and syphilis.

How do maternal diseases affect prenatal development?

Maternal disease can effect fetal development in the following ways: (1) specific effects of metabolic end products or antibodies, (2) placental insufficiency, (3) maternal medications or toxic exposures, (4) infection, and (5) genetic disease.

What is the most common medical maternal complication during pregnancy?

Some of the most common complications of pregnancy include: high blood pressure. gestational diabetes. preeclampsia.

What are some bad signs during pregnancy?

Pregnancy Warning Signs

  • Persistent abdominal pain. …
  • Severe headache. …
  • Changes in eyesight. …
  • Fainting or dizziness. …
  • Unusual weight gain, and swelling or puffiness. …
  • Urge to pee or burning sensation while you urinate. …
  • Persistent or severe vomiting. …
  • Severe pain above the stomach, under the rib cage.
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What viruses cause birth defects?

Toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus (CMV), varicella, rubella, and lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) are among the agents that are recognized to have the potential to cause birth defects in a developing fetus.

What is maternal illness in pregnancy?

Maternal Illness – Birth Defect Prevention for Expecting Parents. Maternal illnesses increase the chance that your baby will be born with a birth defect or have a chronic health problem. Diabetes, cytomegalovirus, toxoplasmosis and Strep B are just a few of the illnesses that can cause an adverse outcome to pregnancy.

What does toxoplasmosis do to a fetus?

Toxoplasmosis can cause problems during pregnancy, including miscarriage, preterm birth or stillbirth. Most babies born with toxoplasmosis have no symptoms. Symptoms can include eye infections, swollen glands, liver or spleen, or jaundice.

What infections can cross the placenta?

Maternal infections caused by most organisms which can cross the placenta (including rubella, mumps, poliomyelitis, smallpox, rubeola, syphilis, malaria, toxoplasmosis, and infections caused by S typhosa, V fetus, L monocytogenes, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex virus) may result in abortion or stillbirth.

What are 3 environmental factors that affect prenatal development?

Other teratogens that affect prenatal development include radiation, pollution, and infectious disease. Radiation increases the risk of childhood cancer, as well as emotional and behavioral disorders; because of this, it is recommended that pregnant women avoid x-rays unless absolutely necessary.

What are the 3 stages of prenatal development?

This union marks the beginning of the prenatal period, which in humans encompasses three distinct stages: (1) the pre-embryonic stage, the first two weeks of development, which is a period of cell division and initial differentiation (cell maturation), (2) the embryonic period, or period of organogenesis, which lasts

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