What causes a baby to be born with hydrocephalus?

What causes babies to be born with hydrocephalus?

When hydrocephalus is congenital, it may be the result of a condition like spina bifida, where the baby’s spine does not form normally, or aqueductal stenosis, a narrowing of the passage between the third and fourth ventricles in the brain. Hydrocephalus may also be caused by a genetic disorder.

How do you prevent hydrocephalus in babies?

You can’t prevent hydrocephalus, but you can lower your risk and your child’s risk for developing the condition. Make sure you get prenatal care during pregnancy. This can help reduce your chance of going into premature labor, which can lead to hydrocephalus.

What is the most common cause of hydrocephalus in infants?

The most common cause of acquired hydrocephalus in infants is hemorrhage, most often as a consequence of prematurity. Other important causes include neoplasm and infection, usually bacterial meningitis.

How long do babies born with hydrocephalus live?

What is the life expectancy of a child who has hydrocephalus? Children often have a full life span if hydrocephalus is caught early and treated. Infants who undergo surgical treatment to reduce the excess fluid in the brain and survive to age 1 will not have a shortened life expectancy due to hydrocephalus.

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How do you treat a baby with hydrocephalus?

7 Tips for Caring for a Child with Hydrocephalus

  1. Build a Support Network. …
  2. Learn How to Monitor a Shunt. …
  3. Do Not Let Them Play with Magnets. …
  4. Pay Close Attention to Their Development. …
  5. Be Aware That They May Need Special Education. …
  6. Recognize Emergencies. …
  7. Teach Your Child About Hydrocephalus.

Can a baby with hydrocephalus walk?

Many children with pediatric hydrocephalus have normal intelligence and physical development, but some may be slower to develop skills such as hand-eye coordination or learning to walk. Some may experience learning problems as they progress in school.

Does hydrocephalus go away?

Hydrocephalus is a chronic condition. It can be controlled, but usually not cured. With appropriate early treatment, however, many people with hydrocephalus lead normal lives with few limitations. Hydrocephalus can occur at any age, but is most common in infants and adults age 60 and older.

How long can a person with hydrocephalus live?

The mortality rate for hydrocephalus and associated therapy ranges from 0 to 3%. This rate is highly dependent on the duration of follow-up care. The shunt event-free survival is approximately 70% at 12 months and is nearly half that at 10 years, post-operatively.

How do you know if your baby has hydrocephalus?

The most obvious sign of hydrocephalus in infants is a rapid increase in head circumference or an unusually large head size. Other symptoms may include seizures, vomiting, sleepiness, irritability, or eyes that constantly gaze downward.