What causes bronze baby syndrome?

How is bronze baby syndrome treated?

No treatment is required for bronze baby syndrome as the pigmentation slowly disappears after stopping phototherapy.

Does bronze baby syndrome go away?

The exact cause of the gray-brown discoloration in bronze baby syndrome is uncertain. Products may accumulate as a result of poor excretion secondary to liver dysfunction. The discoloration presents after exposure to phototherapy and fades after phototherapy is discontinued. Many affected infants have no sequelae.

In which procedure can a baby develop bronze baby syndrome?

An intense grey-brown discoloration of the skin, serum, and urine, and anemia occurred in a premature infant when phototherapy was used to reduce hyperbilirubinemia.

Is Bronze baby syndrome permanent?

Generally, this syndrome has been considered as a mild condition that is resolved with the suspension of phototherapy. Its duration is usually not greater than the neonatal period, and it has no long-term sequelae.

What is red baby syndrome?

Red Baby Syndrome is a new disease seen in infants and young children. Dramatic onset of clinical symptoms with high intensity, short duration and lack of similarity with other cutaneous lesions makes it distinct. Of 50 such patients studied over a period of 5 years, half were below one year of age.

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What are the side effect of phototherapy?

Side effects — Phototherapy is very safe, but it can have temporary side effects, including skin rashes and loose stools. Overheating and dehydration can occur if a baby does not get enough breast milk or formula. Therefore, a baby’s skin color, temperature, and number of wet diapers should be closely monitored.

What is meant by bronze baby syndrome?

“Bronze baby” syndrome is a rare complication of phototherapy for neonatal jaundice occurring due to modified liver function, particularly cholestasis, of various origins. We report a case which occurred in a premature infant who developed a grey-brown coloration during phototherapy.

Is breastmilk good for jaundice?

Usually. Most newborns with jaundice can continue breastfeeding. More frequent breastfeeding can improve the mother’s milk supply and, in turn, improve caloric intake and hydration of the infant, thus reducing the elevated bilirubin.

When does kernicterus occur?

In most cases, the syndrome characteristic of kernicterus develops by three to four years of age.

Is neonatal jaundice congenital?

Neonatal jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the white part of the eyes and skin in a newborn baby due to high bilirubin levels. Other symptoms may include excess sleepiness or poor feeding.

Neonatal jaundice
Causes Red blood cell breakdown, liver disease, infection, hypothyroidism, metabolic disorders

What are the complications of jaundice?

What are the complications of jaundice in adults?

  • Electrolyte abnormalities.
  • Anemia.
  • Bleeding.
  • Infection/sepsis.
  • Chronic hepatitis.
  • Cancer.
  • Liver failure.
  • Kidney failure.

How is jaundice related to hemoglobin?

Jaundice causes your skin and the whites of your eyes to turn yellow. Too much bilirubin causes jaundice. Bilirubin is a yellow chemical in hemoglobin, the substance that carries oxygen in your red blood cells. As red blood cells break down, your body builds new cells to replace them.

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