How do I know if my baby has infantile spasms?
Symptoms of Infantile Spasms (IS)
Stiffen their legs or “tuck them into the belly,” as if having stomach pain. Suddenly bend at the waist. Drop or bob their heads briefly. Roll their eyes back suddenly with subtle head nodding.
When do infantile spasms start?
Most infants with infantile spasms develop a pattern of movements called spasms, sometimes also referred to as epileptic spasms. The most common age for these spasms to begin is between 3 and 6 months of age. They can begin earlier than 3 months and sometimes begin after 12 months of age.
Do babies with infantile spasms sleep more?
It is common for babies who have infantile spasms to become irritable and to go off their feeds. Their sleep pattern also changes in that they may sleep more during the day and less during the night.
Are baby spasms bad?
Infantile spasms is a complex and rare disorder that can have very serious consequences. It can lead to death in some babies, and cause intellectual disabilities and developmental problems in others. Even once the seizures are gone, the damaging brain effects can remain.
What are the signs to look for in neurological symptoms in infants?
There are a variety of neurological disorders, so your baby can have many symptoms.
These could be symptoms like:
- Decreased level of consciousness.
- Abnormal movements.
- Feeding difficulty.
- Changes in body temperature.
- Rapid changes in head size and tense soft spot.
- Changes in muscle tone (either high or low)
What can trigger infantile spasms?
Infantile spasms (also called West syndrome) can be caused by problems with the way the brain developed in the womb, infections, brain injury, or abnormal blood vessels in the brain (such as an arteriovenous malformations). Infantile spasms also can happen in babies with some types of metabolic and genetic disorders.
How do you rule out infantile spasms?
To diagnose infantile spasms, your child’s doctor will complete a physical and neurologic exam. Your baby will also need a test called an electroencephalogram (EEG), which looks at electrical activity in the brain. Babies who have infantile spasms often have a unique EEG pattern called hypsarrhythmia.
What happens if infantile spasms are left untreated?
Left untreated, infantile spasms can lead to serious outcomes, including an estimated infant mortality rate of between 5% and 6%. The most significant concern, however, is that infantile spasms are associated with autism and intellectual deficits that permanently affect quality of life.
When do babies stop jerking movements?
You’ll see a cluster of jerks followed by stiffening. Benign familial neonatal convulsions. These start within the first few days of life. They usually stop by 6 to 9 months of age.