What is blue baby syndrome caused by?
Blue baby syndrome is typically caused by abnormalities in the heart, lungs, or blood. Normally, after receiving oxygen from the lungs, blood is delivered from the heart to the rest of the body. When it returns to the heart, the blood is sent to the lungs to collect more oxygen.
What does blue baby syndrome look like?
Blue baby syndrome is a condition some babies are born with or develop early in life. It’s characterized by an overall skin color with a blue or purple tinge, called cyanosis. This bluish appearance is most noticeable where the skin is thin, such as the lips, earlobes, and nail beds.
How many cases of blue baby syndrome are there?
Today the disease has all but disappeared, with reports appearing only sporadically in the literature. Only two cases have been reported since the mid-1960s and none since 2000.
Does nitrogen cause blue baby syndrome?
Infants who drink water with high levels of nitrate (or eat foods made with nitrate-contaminated water) may develop a serious health condition due to the lack of oxygen. This condition is called methemoglobinemia or “blue baby syndrome.” Some scientists think diarrhea makes this problem worse.
What blood type causes blue baby syndrome?
Rh disease occurs during pregnancy. It happens when the Rh factors in the mom’s and baby’s blood don’t match. If the Rh negative mother has been sensitized to Rh positive blood, her immune system will make antibodies to attack her baby.
Who Cured blue baby syndrome?
Vivien Theodore Thomas (August 29, 1910 – November 26, 1985) was an American laboratory supervisor who developed a procedure used to treat blue baby syndrome (now known as cyanotic heart disease) in the 1940s.
|Institutions||Johns Hopkins Hospital, Vanderbilt University Hospital|
|Research||Blue baby syndrome|
Can blue baby survive?
Studies show that the long-term survival of “blue babies” and other patients with congenital heart defects is reasonably good. Over 90 percent of the patients are alive 20 years after the first conduit operation, while the mortality rate within 30 days after the operation is less than 1 percent, reoperations included.
What is cyanotic baby?
Cyanosis in Infants and Children. Cyanosis refers to a bluish-purple hue to the skin. It is most easily seen where the skin is thin, such as the lips, mouth, earlobes and fingernails. Cyanosis indicates there may be decreased oxygen attached to red blood cells in the bloodstream.
Do blue babies have brain damage?
The lasting effects of insufficient oxygen (“born blue”) depend on how long the baby was without oxygen and how quickly treatment was started. Babies can suffer cell damage right away. Additional damage can occur because of toxins released from damaged cells after the flow of oxygen and blood to the brain is restored.
What does having a blue baby mean?
Blue baby: A baby who is cyanotic (blue), due usually to a heart malformation that prevents the baby’s blood from being fully oxygenated. The bluish color reflects the deoxygenated state of the blood. (Oxygenated blood is red.)
Why does my baby turn blue when crying?
Many young children hold their breath when upset, turn blue, but don’t pass out. This is common and normal. Frequent spells can happen in children who have anemia (low red blood count). This can happen if your child doesn’t eat enough foods with iron.
Are nitrates bad for babies?
How Nitrates Can Be Harmful to Your Baby. In simplest terms, ingesting excessive amounts of nitrates can negatively affect the blood counts of very young babies. The medical term for this is methemoglobinemia. Babies suffering from methemoglobinemia will show periodic blueing of the mouth, hands, and feet.